Ashley, S.T., and W.S. Ashley, 2008: Flood fatalities in the United States. American Meteorological Society, 47(3), 805-818.

The objective of this paper is to discuss the distribution of flood fatalities in the United States from 1959 to 2005. The database used for this study included the following parameters: age, gender, activity of fatality, and type of flood event of each victim. The data indicate that there are many significant factors that are positively associated with flood death. They include: flash floods, people between the ages of 10 and 29 and older than 60, and regions along the northeast I-95, the Ohio River Valley, and close to the Balcones Escarpment in Texas. The study also determined that human behavior controlled flood casualties, signifying a strong correlation between physical and social flood components.